Ara Ambigua State

Ara Ambigua State has been a family-owned forest for generations and now under the administrative control of FUNDECOR. Total area is of 354,77 ha (887 acres) and subtracting roads it yields an effective area for protection of 344.3 ha (860,7 acres). The farm is located mainly into very humid premontane transition to basal forests of Costa Rica, with an average rainfall of 3500 mm per year.
Total Area
Effective Area

Protection of the farm is fundamentally important as it is an area with priorities for water for human consumption, wetlands protection, biological corridors, areas deemed essential for biodiversity protection plus it is in an area with low development social index.

The state is surrounded by a landscape losing forest cover dominated by urbanization, livestock, bananas, and pineapple production. Halting further fragmentation of these remaining local forest allows the protection of many species of flora and fauna.

For example, the farm contains an important number of individuals of a species of trees named Dipteryx panamensis, or Mountain Almond, which is fodder food for Great Green Macaws (Ara Ambiguus) plus offer nesting sites during the mating season. The Great Green Macaw has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020 and it is listed as Critically Endangered. This is one of their local residencies.

The conservation of this forest is also fundamental since it is a biological corridor allowing connectivity between the middle parts of the Central Volcanic Mountain Range, with the lowland areas of the North Atlantic zone of Costa Rica. It is a biodiversity hotspot (yellow dots are bird occurrences) whose conservation is critical.